This drop in Brazilian boarding began in mid-March and extends until then, due to the suspension of international flights – as a way to contain the spread of covid-19 – and the increase in freight of cargo planes, one of the few that still operates.
Thus, to mitigate problems, sea shipments were resumed and grew 133% in the partial of the year. According to agents consulted by Hortifruti/Cepea, this increase in sea shipments could be even greater if it were not for the high perishability of papaya and the great demand of ports (with some even overloaded).
DESTINATIONS – In the partial of the year (January to May), the European Union remained the main destination of Brazilian papaya, consuming about 89% of exports, according to Secex. However, the volume shipped decreased, especially for Portugal (-23% compared to the same period last year), Italy (-17%), united kingdom (-16%) and Spain (-7%). Some countries still had good purchases, this is the case of France (+2%), Netherlands (+5%) and, mainly, Germany (+19).
FORECAST – For winter, the volume of Brazilian papaya exported is expected to remain limited, due to airspace restrictions, the lower national supply (low temperatures are delaying maturation) and the higher harvest of European fruits during the northern hemisphere summer (which will be at more competitive prices).
It is also worth mentioning that the greater thermal amplitude, characteristic of winter, together with the drier climate and the higher pressure of mites in the producing regions, can increase the incidence of physiological spots in papaya, reducing the amount of fruits with appropriate standard for export.