– Photo: iStock / Map
Agribusiness exports were a record for the months of June this June 2020, with sales records abroad of US$10.17 billion. There was 24.5% growth relative to exports in June 2019 (US$8.17 billion).
According to the Agribusiness Balance Bulletin, published this Friday (10) by the Department of Trade and International Relations of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (SCRI-Map), in no year in the historical series (1997-2020) agribusiness exports exceeded US$10 billion during the months of June.
The main sector responsible for export growth was the soybean complex. Overseas sales in the sector increased from US$3.53 billion in June 2019 to US$5.42 billion in June 2020, representing an increase of 53.4 percent or nearly US$1.9 billion in growth in absolute values. By comparison, agribusiness exports grew by US$2.0 billion compared to June 2019 and June 2020.
Soybean exports (13.8 million tonnes) had a major influence on these values, reaching US$4.67 billion in June 2020, with quantum expansion by 5.2 million tons. june 2020 and 2019. SCRI also highlights the resumption of sugar exports, which increased by almost 1.5 million tonnes over both periods.
China was the main country responsible for expanding the volume exported by Brazil, acquiring 70% of Brazilian soybeans in June. The Asian country also increased purchases of Brazilian agro-industrial products by US$1.3 billion between June 2019 and June 2020: 65% of the growth in absolute values of Brazilian agribusiness exports was observed between June 2019 and June 2020.
Brazilian agribusiness increased its share of Brazilian exports from 44.4% (June-2019) to 56.8% in the month surveyed. In turn, agribusiness imports decreased from US$984.55 million (June 2019) to US$826.28 million in June 2020 (-16.1%). Therefore, the balance of the balance reached US$9.3 billion.
External meat sales were US$1.41 billion (4.5%). The volume of meat exported was a record for the months of June (626.5 thousand tonnes). Meat accounts for more than half of the exported value of meat, with records of US$742.56 million. Both the value mentioned and the volume (176.6 thousand tons) were record for the months of June.
Pork also showed record value and volume in overseas sales for the month of June. Exports totaled US$196.86 million, with a volume of 95 thousand tons. Chicken meat exports were US$438.23 million (-32.1%), with a 13.6% decrease in volume exported and a 21.4% reduction in the average export price.
China excelled again in the acquisition of Brazilian meats, as it imported half of the beef and pork exported by Brazil. China's share of chicken meat purchases was also relevant, reaching 23.7% of the total exported.
Alcohol and sugar
The sugar and alcohol complex was the sector with the largest percentage increase in exports among the major export sectors of Brazilian agribusiness, rising 74.5% in comparison between June 2019 and June 2020, from US$536.12 million to US$935.37 million.
Exports of cane sugar accounted for most of the value exported by the sector, with US$810.80 million (+ 80.4%) and almost 3 million tonnes exported (+ 94.8%).
Alcohol also recorded an increase in overseas sales, from US$85.83 million (June 2019) to US$122.71 million exported in June this year.
According to SCRI, the growth of Brazilian sugarcane exports is linked to the fall in sugarcane crops.