The differential of Tomé-Açu cocoa is the process of growing the product, simulating the native forest, so that the fruit grows in a sustainable way. In this model, cocoa is planted alongside other crops of trees, palms or fruits, as occurs in its original biome, the Amazon rainforest.
“Our cocoa is different, with shading, sharing space with other cultures. It is planted in a completely sustainable way, without harming the environment, without using fires. Plants share space with others and help each other, through the leaves and branches that fall and function as organic fertilizer. It is an agricultural practice that has worked and is the best way to practice agriculture in the Amazon region ”, says Silvio Shibata, president of the Associação Cultura de Fomento Agrícola de Tomé-Açu.
Tomé-Açu cocoa received the recognition of Geographical Indication (IG), in the type of Indication of Origin (IP), in 2019.
The Tomé-Açu IG process was initiated based on demand from the Japanese market. Currently, cocoa production is 500 tonnes / year and almonds are exported to Japan. "The form of cultivation is one of the great differentials of the product on the market, which was fundamental for the achievement of IG", emphasizes the president.
The holder of the records is the Associação Cultural e Fomento de Tomé Açu (ACTA), responsible for maintaining a regulatory council that must preserve, disclose and protect the registered products.
The pineapple produced in Novo Remanso, municipality of Itacoatiara, Metropolitan Region of Manaus (AM), received the seal of Geographical Indication (IG), in the Indication of Origin (IP) category, in 2020. For more than 60 years, activities have been devoted to pineapple culture in the communities of Novo Remanso and Vila do Engenho, in Itacoatiara and Caramuri.
Family labor is still a widely used practice in this culture, both in traditional and semi-mechanized plantations, which made pineapples the main livelihood of families in the region.
“Through social organization and the empowerment of cooperatives, the farmer is able to move on horizons, accessing public policy aimed at the primary sector. This was an immeasurable gain in the region, ”says Daniel Leandro, president of the Pineapple Producers Association of the Novo Remanso Region.
The seal guarantees economic and environmental stability in the region. In addition, it promotes market viability and guarantees a better quality of life for rural people who benefit from the seal.
Currently, the largest pineapple production hub is in Vila do Engenho, which reached 96 million fruits in 2019. Pineapples are sold at fairs, supermarkets and restaurants in Manaus and are also used in the regionalization program for school lunches.
“Today we have a manual for the Novo Remanso pineapple. He is based on scientific knowledge and the empirical view of the farmer who contributes a lot and even developed techniques that were not known to Embrapa ”, highlighted the president.
According to Leandro, the pineapple from Novo Remanso reduced deforestation by 99% in the community of São Francisco do Caramuri. “Today, the small farmer invests in science and technology to produce with quality, keeping the Amazon standing,” he says. .
“All this path traveled over time, the entire history of the three communities that stand out within the geographical region of IG, made it possible to dare to a more promising horizon. The importance of IG for us is to enable a market that is not only local, but also national and international ", highlighted the president.
The cassava flour from Uarini (AM) is one of the most consumed foods on the Amazonian table, differentiated by its flavor and crispness. The product also received the recognition of Geographical Indication (IG), in the kind of Origin, in 2019.
The geographical delimitation of IG Uarini comprises the municipalities of Uarini, Alvarães, Tefé and Maraã, where cassava cultivation and flour production have been strongly present for a long time.
The Geographical Indication also seeks to value small farmers. “The recognition of IG was a challenge for us. We started fieldwork in the region, participated in training, guidance and understood the importance of recognizing the IG for Uarini ”, explained the representative of the Association of Cassava Flour Producers in the Uarini Region, José Albino de Freitas.
The producer added value with quality and knowledge. They reduced the size of the swidden on small scales, but with quality production. “The producers produce good and toasted flour. It is a very positive and rewarding result ”, says the entity's representative.
In 2019, the production of flour reached 80 tonnes, which was sold entirely in Manaus. “The next challenge is to seek the national and international markets. We are already talking to Mercosur countries, but we are not yet able to project a production potential. With IG certification, we are working with producers from Uarini, Tefé and Alvarães, to achieve a relevant production of flour with quality ”, he concludes.
Brazilian Geographical Indications
The Geographical Indication (GI) is an instrument for recognizing geographical origin, given to products or services that are characteristic of their place of origin, which have intrinsic value, their own identity, which distinguishes them from similar ones available on the market.
“Geographical Indications are great tools to promote sustainable rural development. And in the case of the North region, it has the potential to give visibility to biodiversity products, related to the traditions of local communities, which contributes to the valorization of products and preservation of knowledge, ”emphasizes the coordinator of Geographical Indication of Agricultural Products of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Map), Débora Gomide Santiago.
The Map is one of the instances of promoting activities and actions for GI of agricultural products, providing technical support to the registration process. The Ministry also offers courses, seminars, meetings and workshops, in addition to mapping products with potential for identification and promoting institutional partnerships.
The country has 76 geographical indications: 61 indications of origin and 15 appellations of origin.
In the North Region, there are eight registered GIs, the Andirá-Marau Indigenous Land being the region's first appellation of origin, due to two native products: waraná (native guaraná) and waraná bread (guaraná stick).
The other IGs were registered in the Indication of Origin modality. They are: Jalapão do Tocantins Region, for handicraft in golden grass; Rio Negro, for ornamental fish; Cruzeiro do Sul, for manioc flour; Maués, for guarana; Tomé-Açu, for cocoa; Uarini, for manioc flour; and Novo Remanso, for pineapple.
Geographical Indications are growing rapidly in Brazil. In the country, 159 regions are in the process of recognition at the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI).
In the northern region, there are four regions in the process of recognition at the INPI. They are: Marajó Region, Pará, for cheese; Bragança, Pará, for cassava flour; Mata de Rondônia, Rondônia, for Robusta Amazon coffee beans; and Mamirauá, Amazonas, for managed pirarucu.