The federal government launched on Wednesday (17), in the Planalto Palace, the Safra Plan 2020-2021, with R $ 236.3 billion to support national agricultural production, an increase of R $ 13.5 billion compared to the previous plan. Financing may be contracted from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021. The ceremony took place at the Planalto Palace, with the presence of President Jair Bolsonaro and Minister Tereza Cristina (Agriculture, Livestock and Supply).
Of the total, R$ 179.38 billion will be allocated to costing and marketing (5.9% above the value of the previous harvest) and R$ 56.92 billion will be for infrastructure investments (increase of 6.6%). All these resources will ensure the continuity of production in the field and the supply of food in the country during and after the pandemic of the new Coronavirus.
Investment resources grew by an average of 29%.
During the launch of the Safra Plan, President Jair Bolsonaro stressed that agricultural production did not stop during the pandemic, guaranteeing food for the entire Brazilian population. "All countries aim for food security. The city can stop, but if one day the camp stops, everyone will succumb," Bolsonaro said.
Agriculture Minister Tereza Cristina said the Safra Plan remains focused on small and medium-sized producers. According to her, the incentive to sustainable production is also highlighted in the 2020/2021 harvest, which comes with more resources and better financing conditions, at lower interest rates. "Sow, plant, care, hope to bloom and finally reap the fruits of the earth is and always will be something essential and beautiful. An activity totally linked to nature can only have as a path the search for sustainability", said the minister.
She also recalled that, thanks to the work of agro and the areas of transport and logistics, Brazil maintained supply throughout the country and honored its commitments with its trading partners. "The effort of the Jair Bolsonaro government to make this Safra Plan viable is a recognition of the achievements and potential of the sector that is ready to contribute to the economic recovery."
The Secretary of Agricultural Policy of the Ministry of Agriculture, Eduardo Sampaio, said that this is the largest Crop Plan ever announced. "It represents a major effort by the government to provide farmers with better conditions. It is also the guarantee that food will continue to reach the table of Brazilians and that Brazil will continue to be a major exporter of food", he said.
Small and medium producer
Small farmers will have R$ 33 billion for financing through the National Program for Strengthening Family Agriculture (Pronaf), with interest of 2.75% and 4% per year, for costing and marketing.
For the average rural producers, R$ 33.1 billion will be allocated through the National Program to Support the Medium Rural Producer (Pronamp), with interest rates of 5% per year (costing and marketing). For large producers, the interest rate will be 6% per year.
The rural insurance premium grant increased 30% in value to R$ 1.3 billion, the largest amount since the creation of rural insurance. The amount should enable the hiring of 298,000 policies, in an insured amount of around R$ 52 billion and coverage of 21 million hectares.
To encourage the construction of warehouses in the properties, R$ 2.2 billion will be allocated. For the financing of warehouses with a capacity of up to 6,000 tons in the properties, the interest rate is 5% per year.
Another sector benefited will be commercial fishing, which will have support to access rural credit. In this way, the activity can finance the purchase of equipment and infrastructure for the processing, storage and transport of fish.
The Safra Plan highlights credit lines that contribute to the sustainability of agriculture. The Program for Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Agriculture (ABC Program), which is the main line for financing sustainable techniques, will have R$ 2.5 billion in resources with an interest rate of 6% per year, an increase of R$ 400 million. In the 2020-2021 harvest, producers will have access to the ABC Ambiental line, with resources for forest restoration, aimed at contributing to the adequacy of rural properties to the Forest Code. The interest rate is 4.5% per year.
From July 1, 2020, producers will be able to finance the acquisition of environmental reserve quotas, a measure approved by the National Monetary Council.
There are also incentives to adopt technologies related to bioinsumos within rural properties and by cooperatives. Producers can access the costing modalities, for the acquisition of bioinsumos, or investment, in the assembly of biofactories within the properties (onfarm). The resources are provided for in Inovagro and, in the case of investments in biofactories, can reach 30% of the value of all financing. For cooperatives, the credit lines is Prodecoop, for the acquisition of equipment for the production of bioinsumos.
Another novelty is Pronaf-Bio, aimed at supporting the productive chains of the bioeconomy.
In the 2020/2021 Crop Plan, funding is available for the acquisition of climatological monitoring equipment, such as weather stations and software, and soil moisture monitoring. The financing can be made by the Incentive Program for Irrigation and Production in Protected Environment (Moderinfra).
Livestock will also have financial support through the Incentive Program for Innovation and Technology in Agricultural Production (Inovagro). Ranchers will be able to finance the acquisition of precision livestock equipment and services.
The cattle and buffalo, milk and beef sectors are also included in financing for automation, adequacy and construction of facilities.
Family farmers will be able to continue using the credit to finance and renovate rural homes. In this harvest, the resources for this purpose total R$ 500 million.
The family farmer's son or daughter, who has a Declaration of Fitness (DAP) from his family unit, may also apply for financing for construction or renovation of housing on the parents' property.
In the Price Guarantee Program for Family Agriculture (PGPAF), the discount bonus will be raised for costing and investment operations.
In collective investments for pig farming, poultry, aquaculture, shrimp farming (crustacean rearing) and fruit growing activities, the limit per beneficiary was expanded.
Family farmers and medium-sized producers will be able to finance technical assistance and rural extension activities in isolation through Pronaf and Pronamp, respectively.